Phase 1 (Oxidation)

Substrates & Cofactors that help upregulate (induce) Phase 1 metabolic pathways:
  1. Branched-chain amino acids
  2. B Vitamins (Riboflavin B2, Niacin B3, Pantothenic acid B5, Pyridoxyl-5-phosphate (b6), Folate, B12)
  3. Ellagic Acid (pomengranates, raspberries)
  4. Watercres
  5. Green Tea (epigallocatechin gallate EGCG)
  6. indole-3-carbinols from cruciferous vegetables
  7. Silymarin (Milk Thistle)
  8. Minerals (Iron, Zinc, Magnesium)
  9. Caffeine, Alcohol, and Environmental Toxins (pesticides, paint fumes, car exhaust)